近思錄 by 朱熹

近思錄

By 朱熹

  • Release Date: 2014-05-21
  • Genre: Filosofia
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Description

濂溪曰:無極而太極。太極動而生陽,動極而靜。靜而生陰,陰極複動。一動一靜,互為其根。分陰分陽,兩儀立焉。陽變陰合,而生水火木金土。五氣順布,四時行焉。五行,一陰陽也。陰陽,一太極也。太極本無極也。五行之生也,各一其行。無極之真,二五之真,妙合而凝。乾道成男,坤道成女,二氣交感,化生萬物。萬物生生,而變化無窮焉。惟人也得其秀而最靈。形既生矣,神發知矣。五性感動,而善惡分,萬事出矣。聖人定之以中正仁義而主靜,立人極焉。故聖人與天地合其德,日月合其明,四時合其序,鬼神合其吉凶。君子修之吉,小人悖之凶。故曰:「立天之道,曰陰與陽。立地之道,曰柔與剛。立人之道,曰仁與義。」又曰:「原始反終,故知生死之說。」大哉易也,斯其至矣!

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